The Study of Music Aesthetic Theory, Aesthetic Opposition, and Plural Pleasure


  • Fadlil Munawwar Manshur Faculty of Cultural Science, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


This article aims to ellaborate three concepts, namely music aesthetic, aesthetic opposition and plural pleasure. These three concepts in the study of art and literature are often used to understand how humans create, develop, respond to, and enjoy music, understand aesthetic opposition, and plural pleasure. The results of the study show that human behavior is always related to music as an effort to seek individual pleasure and plural pleasure. Musical phenomena is able to be understood by exploring aesthetic opposition, namely through formalism and intuitionism, unity versus diversity, spontaniety versus reflection; interval versus morphology; smoothness versus roughness; attraction versus repulsion; parameter variation versus strategy variation; simplicity versus complexity, sensation versus communication. The pleasure towards music is considered only as a short cut to other bigger goals. However, human behavior in relation to music is also biological expression. In addition, there are unique aesthetic pleasure alongside utilitarian pleasure. From modern cognitive neuroscience perspective, the aesthetic beauty notion cannot be realize in a nonutilitarian manner and is not easily reconciled with biology unless aesthetic beauty is based on plural pleasure.